The new SAT essay prompt is designed to measure the student's skills in three categories: reading, analysis, and writing. First, you need to read and understand the passage you're provided with. Then, you should analyze it from different aspects (explained in the prompt), and write a well-organized, precise, and focused essay.
All of the new SAT essay prompts are customized slightly to include a reference to the author and the author’s main idea, but here’s the basic template prompt that you will see on every SAT exam:
SAT Essay | SAT Suite of Assessments – The College Board
How Are the New SAT Essay Prompts Different?
The best way to explain how the prompts have changed is by comparing the new ones to the old format that all students learned to expect.