During a presidential contest in which the term "transparency" has been frequently bandied about, candidates have buried a number of potentially revealing documents and papers. In Hillary Rodham Clinton's case, there's been a clamoring for tax records, White House memos and other material the candidate's team has chosen to keep from release. The 96-page Princeton thesis, restricted from release by the school's Mudd Library, has also been the subject of recent scrutiny.
In 1872, Princeton established the John C. Greene School of Science, which evidenced the germs of a graduate school by promising higher degrees to those who stayed on to study beyond the B.S. or B.A. degree. As President James McCosh told the Trustees, "It is absolutely necessary to have such an addition if we are to keep up with the other great colleges of the country." Though graduate students had inhabited Princeton since its earliest years, working informally with professors, the Board of Trustees did not approve of a tentative graduate program until 1877. This was also the year Princeton awarded its first advanced degree: Francis Robbins Upton received a masters in science. In 1879, eighteen years after Yale awarded the first American Ph.D., Princeton's graduate school officially opened, offering twelve courses (four philosophy, five literature and three science) to 42 students.
The Princeton Thesis — College Confidential
One of Francis' best resources was his thesis adviser, , president emeritus of both Princeton and the University of Michigan and professor of and public affairs at the Wilson School. Francis said a highlight of his thesis work was meeting with Shapiro weekly.