John Coffee writing the failure of the secularization theory wrote:

Secularization theory revived, he says, a charge brought against religious pluralism by “monopoly religions: that disputes among religious groups undermine the credibility of all” (357). But people kept being religious, even in pluralistic settings.

With characteristic gleeful verve, Rodney Stark assaults secularization theory in his .

Secularization theories do not often make clear the level at which the decline of religious significance takes place. Dobbelaere distinguishes between the macro, meso, and micro levels. He argues that secularization on the level of society as a whole should not be associated with a weakening of the importance of religion for the individual, and therefore he does not see “the religiousness of individuals” as being “a valid indicator in evaluating the process of secularization” (p. 31).


Secularization Thesis | Peter J. Leithart | First Things

Bruce, Steve. 2002. God is Dead: Secularization in the West. Blackwell Publishers.

The authors call for secularization theory to be abandoned, because there are not enough cases to which it can be applied. The apparent secularization in many European nations is the result not of a lack of individual religiosity but of supply-side weaknesses: inefficient religious organizations in a highly regulated religious economy. Available for purchase or by subscription.


Secularization refers to the historical process in which religion loses social and cultural significance. As a result of secularization the role of religion in modern societies becomes restricted. In secularized societies faith lacks cultural authority, and religious organizations have little social power.The term also has additional meanings, primarily historical and religious. Applied to property, historically it refers to the seizure of monastic lands and buildings, such as 's in England and the later acts during the as well as by various European governments during the 18th and 19th centuries, which resulted in the expulsion and suppression of the religious communities which occupied them (see ). Otherwise, secularization involves the abandonment of goods by the Church where it is sold to purchasers after the seizes the property, which most commonly happens after reasonable negotiations and arrangements are made.