For organisational leaders, team roles, characteristics, and values represent a critical opportunity for not only achieving organisational objectives, but for targeting specific strategic goals and priorities that can result in significant developmental growth. Van De Water and Rozier (2008:499) emphasise that the underlying value of the Belbin (2011:24) model is predicated upon managerial interventions, applying pragmatic and skills-driven techniques to team composition, role assignment, and role assumption. Yet for organisations, the realisation of such idealised outcomes is oftentimes overshadowed by various dimensions of behavioural and individual interference including personality, mental abilities, values and motivations, experience, and learning practices (Van De Water and Rozier, 2008:499-500). In order to improve upon dysfunctional and ineffective team conditions, researchers such as Dietz et al. (2014:908) have undertaken to assess the roots of teamwork in practice, describing constructive and behavioural traits that yield desirable working outcomes. Through their outcome-based assessment of nursing practice and hospital administration, the researchers reveal that structural dimensions including training, communication and HRM are used to affect work process outcomes, optimising team performance and achieving desirable organisational outcomes (Dietz et al., 2014:914).
Can R Meredith Belbin´s team role theory be applied to applied to music groups? Could team role behavior have a impact on team work and group dynamic, and also on the success and productivity of a music group? This research analyzes the application of Belbin team role theory on three music groups consisting of Icelandic professional musicians to shed light on the possibilities of such relationships. The research examine the possibilities of relationships between team role behavior and it´s impact on the teamwork and success of the three music groups through the usage of the Belbin team role self-perception inventory and unstructured interviews. The population of interest are members of the Icelandic Musicians Union (FÌH). The research finds that Belbin´s team role theory can be applied to a music group setting through the usage of the BTRSPI test, and that the self-perceived team roles are apparent and valid. The combined data from the interviews and BTRSPI test indicates that there is a relationship between the team roles and the music groups teamwork and group dynamic.
The research does however not find any valid correlations between the music groups team role composition and performance, but suggest that both good group dynamic and interpersonal dynamic have a positive effect on teamwork and the collective output of a music group. The research attempted to examine the impact of team roles on success and productivity, but cannot accurately measure those variables due to the subjective nature of such measurements.
The Belbin Self-Perception Inventory
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